Rose CULPIN

Rose CULPIN

Female 1877 - 1960  (82 years)

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  • Name Rose CULPIN 
    Born 26 Jul 1877  Islington, London Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Female 
    Census New 3 Apr 1881  Stoke Newington, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 03 Jul 1960  Auchenflower, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I725  Freeman-Culpin | Culpin descendants
    Last Modified 27 Apr 2017 

    Father Millice CULPIN,   b. 01 Dec 1846, Buntingford, Herts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 01 Sep 1941, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 94 years) 
    Mother Hannah Louise MUNSEY,   b. 1848, Ware, Herts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jun 1934, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years) 
    Family ID F387  Group Sheet

    Family John Howard SIMMONDS,   b. Abt 1877,   d. 1939, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years) 
    Married 30 Mar 1900  Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. John Howard SIMMONDS,   b. 13 Jun 1901, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Millice Alan SIMMONDS,   b. 1905, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Jun 1983, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
    Last Modified 11 Oct 2015 
    Family ID F411  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 26 Jul 1877 - Islington, London Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
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  • People
    Rose Culpin
    Rose Culpin

  • Notes 
    • Details: Culpin Millice, surgeon, adult, to Brisbane; Culpin Mrs, adult; Culpin Florence, 19; Culpin Millais, 17; Culpin Rose, 13; Culpin Clarence, 11; Culpin Ernest, 9; Culpin Daisy, 7. [4]
    • Simmonds, Rose (1877 - 1960)

      Alternative Names: Culpin, Rose
      Birth: 26 July 1877, Islington, London, England
      Death: 3 July 1960, Auchenflower, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
      Cultural Heritage: * English
      Religious Influence: * Presbyterian
      Occupation: * photographer (general)

      SIMMONDS, ROSE (1877-1960), photographer, was born on 26 July 1877 at Islington, London, second daughter of Millice Culpin, medical practitioner, and his wife Hannah Louisa, née Muncey. The family migrated to Brisbane about 1891 and Dr Culpin established a practice at Taringa. Rose studied art with Godfrey Rivers at the Brisbane Technical College. On 30 March 1900 in her father's house she married with Baptist forms John Howard Simmonds (d.1939), a 37-year-old stonemason. John kept a photographic record of his commissioned headstones, and maintained a darkroom at home for developing and printing negatives. Rose was soon processing her own photographs, mainly snapshots of her sons.

      From about 1927 Mrs Simmonds submitted photographs to the monthly competitions run by the Queensland Camera Club and the Australasian Photo-Review. Although her early entries in Q.C.C. competitions were ranked either first or second in the B-grade section, she quickly won awards in the A-grade division. She was elected to the club's committee in 1928. In May that year her 'Pear Blossom' was placed fourth in a special still-life contest run by the A.P.R. and in the August issue her 'Playground of the Shadows' came first. For twelve years her work regularly won prizes or received special mention in A.P.R. competitions, which attracted entries from such noted photographers as Harold Cazneaux and Max Dupain. The editor commented on her photograph 'Still Life' in 1929: 'this certainly would have had a prize but for the fact that Mrs Simmonds won the competition with another fine print'.

      Her photographic interests were those of the pictorialist and her evolving style was guided by the artist's vision. Simmonds regularly attended monthly excursions to locations in south-east Queensland which were conducted by the Q.C.C. to provide members with inspiration and recreation. Through its competitions the club passed judgement on the work produced on these outings. Artists were invited to monthly meetings of the Q.C.C. to speak about accentuation, atmosphere, balance, gradation, genre, subordination, point of interest and suggestiveness. Simmonds's work was grounded in her knowledge of Queensland painting. 'Playground of the Shadows' owed much to the Impressionist style championed by William Grant in the 1920s; her well-known photographs, 'Morning Light on the Sand Dunes' (1930) and 'Last Rays on the Sand Dunes' (c.1940), had an affinity with the paintings of Kenneth Macqueen.

      Simmonds's reputation won her selection in national photographic exhibitions, including one run by the Photographic Society of New South Wales in 1932, and another organized by that society, the Professional Photographers' Association of New South Wales and the Sydney Camera Circle in 1938. An associate (1937) of the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain, she was also represented in an exhibition of pictorial photography held in Adelaide in 1940.

      Survived by her two sons, Simmonds died on 3 July 1960 at Auchenflower and was cremated with Presbyterian forms. A collection of her photographs is held by the Queensland Art Gallery.

      Select Bibliography: B. Hall and J. Mather, Australian Women Photographers 1840-1960 (Melb, 1986); B. Larner, A Complementary Caste (Surfers Paradise, Qld, 1988); Australasian Photo-Review, Sept 1927, May, Aug 1928, May, Aug 1929, May, June, Sept 1930; Simmonds file (Queensland Art Gallery Library). More on the resources

      Author: Keith Bradbury
      'Simmonds, Rose (1877 - 1960)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Online Edition. Copyright 2006, updated continuously, ISSN 1833-7538, published by Australian National University
      http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A160288b.htm [2]
    • Rose Simmonds was born in England in 1877 and arrived in Australia about 1888. Her father, Millice Culpin established a medical practice in Taringa and she attended Brisbane Girls' Grammar School. She studied art with Godfrey Rivers. In 1900, she married monumental mason John Simmonds and developed an interest in photography. The works which she produced in the 1930s include views of Australian landscape depicted in a style which has come to be known as "pictorialist photography". She was active in the Queensland Camera Club from about 1928 and in 1937, was elected an associate of the Royal Photographic Society of London. She had a solo exhibition in Brisbane in 1941. Rose Simmonds died in Brisbane in 1960.
      Source: Biographical information from book in Qld State Library

  • Sources 
    1. [S173] GRO Indexes, (www.ancestry.co.uk), SQ1877, Islington, 1b 410.

    2. [S226] Australia, ADB online.

    3. [S261] Australia, Marriage Index 1788-1949, (www.ancestry.co.uk).

    4. [S2] FamilySearch, (www.familysearch.org), NZ Immigration Pax Lists 1871-1915, Wellington (Inwards) 1891 (Jan-June).