Rose CULPIN1877 - 1960 (82 years)
Name Rose CULPIN Born 26 Jul 1877 Islington, London [1, 2] Gender Female Census New 3 Apr 1881 Stoke Newington, London Died 03 Jul 1960 Auchenflower, Queensland, Australia  Notes
- Details: Culpin Millice, surgeon, adult, to Brisbane; Culpin Mrs, adult; Culpin Florence, 19; Culpin Millais, 17; Culpin Rose, 13; Culpin Clarence, 11; Culpin Ernest, 9; Culpin Daisy, 7. 
- Simmonds, Rose (1877 - 1960)
Alternative Names: Culpin, Rose
Birth: 26 July 1877, Islington, London, England
Death: 3 July 1960, Auchenflower, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Cultural Heritage: * English
Religious Influence: * Presbyterian
Occupation: * photographer (general)
SIMMONDS, ROSE (1877-1960), photographer, was born on 26 July 1877 at Islington, London, second daughter of Millice Culpin, medical practitioner, and his wife Hannah Louisa, née Muncey. The family migrated to Brisbane about 1891 and Dr Culpin established a practice at Taringa. Rose studied art with Godfrey Rivers at the Brisbane Technical College. On 30 March 1900 in her father's house she married with Baptist forms John Howard Simmonds (d.1939), a 37-year-old stonemason. John kept a photographic record of his commissioned headstones, and maintained a darkroom at home for developing and printing negatives. Rose was soon processing her own photographs, mainly snapshots of her sons.
From about 1927 Mrs Simmonds submitted photographs to the monthly competitions run by the Queensland Camera Club and the Australasian Photo-Review. Although her early entries in Q.C.C. competitions were ranked either first or second in the B-grade section, she quickly won awards in the A-grade division. She was elected to the club's committee in 1928. In May that year her 'Pear Blossom' was placed fourth in a special still-life contest run by the A.P.R. and in the August issue her 'Playground of the Shadows' came first. For twelve years her work regularly won prizes or received special mention in A.P.R. competitions, which attracted entries from such noted photographers as Harold Cazneaux and Max Dupain. The editor commented on her photograph 'Still Life' in 1929: 'this certainly would have had a prize but for the fact that Mrs Simmonds won the competition with another fine print'.
Her photographic interests were those of the pictorialist and her evolving style was guided by the artist's vision. Simmonds regularly attended monthly excursions to locations in south-east Queensland which were conducted by the Q.C.C. to provide members with inspiration and recreation. Through its competitions the club passed judgement on the work produced on these outings. Artists were invited to monthly meetings of the Q.C.C. to speak about accentuation, atmosphere, balance, gradation, genre, subordination, point of interest and suggestiveness. Simmonds's work was grounded in her knowledge of Queensland painting. 'Playground of the Shadows' owed much to the Impressionist style championed by William Grant in the 1920s; her well-known photographs, 'Morning Light on the Sand Dunes' (1930) and 'Last Rays on the Sand Dunes' (c.1940), had an affinity with the paintings of Kenneth Macqueen.
Simmonds's reputation won her selection in national photographic exhibitions, including one run by the Photographic Society of New South Wales in 1932, and another organized by that society, the Professional Photographers' Association of New South Wales and the Sydney Camera Circle in 1938. An associate (1937) of the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain, she was also represented in an exhibition of pictorial photography held in Adelaide in 1940.
Survived by her two sons, Simmonds died on 3 July 1960 at Auchenflower and was cremated with Presbyterian forms. A collection of her photographs is held by the Queensland Art Gallery.
Select Bibliography: B. Hall and J. Mather, Australian Women Photographers 1840-1960 (Melb, 1986); B. Larner, A Complementary Caste (Surfers Paradise, Qld, 1988); Australasian Photo-Review, Sept 1927, May, Aug 1928, May, Aug 1929, May, June, Sept 1930; Simmonds file (Queensland Art Gallery Library). More on the resources
Author: Keith Bradbury
'Simmonds, Rose (1877 - 1960)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Online Edition. Copyright 2006, updated continuously, ISSN 1833-7538, published by Australian National University
- Rose Simmonds was born in England in 1877 and arrived in Australia about 1888. Her father, Millice Culpin established a medical practice in Taringa and she attended Brisbane Girls' Grammar School. She studied art with Godfrey Rivers. In 1900, she married monumental mason John Simmonds and developed an interest in photography. The works which she produced in the 1930s include views of Australian landscape depicted in a style which has come to be known as "pictorialist photography". She was active in the Queensland Camera Club from about 1928 and in 1937, was elected an associate of the Royal Photographic Society of London. She had a solo exhibition in Brisbane in 1941. Rose Simmonds died in Brisbane in 1960.
Source: Biographical information from book in Qld State Library
Person ID I725 Freeman-Culpin | Culpin descendants Last Modified 27 Apr 2017
Father Millice CULPIN, b. 01 Dec 1846, Buntingford, Herts , d. 01 Sep 1941, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (Age 94 years) Mother Hannah Louise MUNSEY, b. 1848, Ware, Herts , d. 19 Jun 1934, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (Age 86 years) Family ID F387 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Family John Howard SIMMONDS, b. Abt 1877, d. 1939, Queensland, Australia (Age ~ 62 years) Married 30 Mar 1900 Queensland, Australia  Children + 1. John Howard SIMMONDS, b. 13 Jun 1901, Queensland, Australia , d. 11 Jun 1955, Queensland, Australia (Age 53 years) + 2. Millice Alan SIMMONDS, b. 5 May 1905, Queensland, Australia , d. 12 Jun 1983, Queensland, Australia (Age 78 years) Last Modified 11 Oct 2015 Family ID F411 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Event Map = Link to Google Earth
People Rose Culpin Rose Culpin and child Culpin family in Brisbane 1896
Back row: Rose, Clarence, Florence, Millais
Front row: Ernest, Millice, Hannah, Daisy